a type of insulin that starts to lower blood glucose within 5 to 10 minutes after injection and has its strongest effect 30 minutes to 3 hours after injection, depending on the type used. See aspart insulin and lispro insulin.
a swing to a high level of glucose in the blood after a low level. See Somogyi effect.
see insulin receptors.
Recognized Diabetes Education Programs
diabetes self-management education programs that are approved by the American Diabetes Association.
short-acting insulin. On average, regular insulin starts to lower blood glucose within 30 minutes after injection. It has its strongest effect 2 to 5 hours after injection but keeps working 5 to 8 hours after injection. Also called R insulin.
renal threshold of glucose
the blood glucose concentration at which the kidneys start to excrete glucose into the urine.
an oral medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It lowers blood glucose by helping the pancreas make more insulin right after meals. Belongs to the class of medicines called meglitinides. (Brand name: Prandin.)
the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye.
see background retinopathy, proliferative retinopathy, and diabetic retinopathy.
anything that raises the chances of a person developing a disease.
an oral medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps insulin take glucose from the blood into the cells for energy by making cells more sensitive to insulin. Belongs to the class of medicines called thiazolidinediones. (Brand name: Avandia.)